Food Syst. Casey, J. Greenhouse gas emissions from conventional, agri-environmental scheme, and organic Irish suckler-beef units. Leinonen, I. Predicting the environmental impacts of chicken systems in the United Kingdom through a life cycle assessment: broiler production systems. Predicting the environmental impacts of chicken systems in the United Kingdom through a life cycle assessment: egg production systems.
Dekker, S. Ecological and economic evaluation of Dutch egg production systems. Basset-Mens, C. Scenario-based environmental assessment of farming systems: the case of pig production in France. Van der Werf, H. Environmental impacts of farm scenarios according to five assessment methods. Audsley, E. How Low Can We Go? Jones, P.
University of Reading, Reading, UK, Modelling the impact of a widespread conversion to organic agriculture in England and Wales. Land Use Policy 76 , — Ponisio, L. Diversification practices reduce organic to conventional yield gap.
In this delightful collection of organically-grown. The Smallest Carbon Footprint in the Land & other eco-tales by Anne Morgan & Gay McKinnon, from IP Kidz, an imprint of IP (Interactive Publications).
Natl Acad. USA , Connor, D. Organically grown crops do not a cropping system make and nor can organic agriculture nearly feed the world. Field Crop Res. Traill, W. The potential for competitive and healthy food chains of benefit to the countryside. Trends Food Sci.
Macdiarmid, J. Appetite 96 , — Clark, M. Comparative analysis of environmental impacts of agricultural production systems, agricultural input efficiency, and food choice. Kniss, A. Commercial crop yields reveal strengths and weaknesses for organic agriculture in the United States. PloS ONE 11 , e Webb, J. Do foods imported into the UK have a greater environmental impact than the same foods produced within the UK? Life Cycle Assess. Gattinger, A.
Enhanced top soil carbon stocks under organic farming. USA , — Powlson, D. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change: a critical re-examination to identify the true and the false. Soil Sci. Leifeld, J. Organic farming gives no climate change benefit through soil carbon sequestration. USA , E—E Sutton, M. Kirk, G. Doetterl, S. Soil carbon storage controlled by interactions between geochemistry and climate.
Long-term increases in soil carbon due to ecosystem fertilization by atmospheric nitrogen deposition demonstrated by regional-scale modelling and observations. Muller, A. Strategies for feeding the world more sustainably with organic agriculture. The crop yield gap between organic and conventional agriculture. Godfray, H.
Meat consumption, health, and the environment. Science , eaam Conijn, J. Can our global food system meet food demand within planetary boundaries? Searchinger, T.
Assessing the efficiency of changes in land use for mitigating climate change. Nature , — Seufert, V. Comparing the yields of organic and conventional agriculture. Green, R. Farming and the fate of wild nature. Science , — Lassaletta, L. Protein futures for Western Europe: potential land use and climate impacts in Change 17 , — Herrero, M. Smart Investments in sustainable food production: revisiting mixed crop-livestock systems.
Meemken, E. Organic Agriculture, Food Security, and the Environment.
Howlett, B. Hess, T. The impact of healthier dietary scenarios on the global blue water scarcity footprint of food consumption in the UK. Food Policy 50 , 1—10 Plassmann, K. Methodological complexities of product carbon footprinting: a sensitivity analysis of key variables in a developing country context.
Policy 13 , — Pelletier, N. Scenario modeling potential eco-efficiency gains from a transition to organic agriculture: life cycle perspectives on Canadian canola, corn, soy, and wheat production.
Tzilivakis, J. An assessment of the energy inputs and greenhouse gas emissions in sugar beet Beta vulgaris production in the UK. Bellamy, P. Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales — Barber, A. Lampkin, N. The Role of Agroecology in Sustainable Intensification. British Standards Institution.
Wiltshire, J. Houghton, R. Revised estimates of the annual net flux of carbon to the atmosphere from changes in land use and land management — Tellus B Chem. Download references.
WGN and an education grant awarded by the Ratcliff Foundation. We thank Dr. Bruce Pearce at the Organic Research Centre for his comments on an early draft of the paper. Correspondence to Guy J. Peer review information Nature Communications thanks Jorgen Olesen and Stephan Pfister for their contribution to the peer review of this work. Peer reviewer reports are available. Reprints and Permissions.