Although the scientific community addresses this issue with considerable effort, many questions remain open. In particular, new sources of microplastics have been recently recognized, possibly representing major environmental inputs compared to those previously considered. In addition to the already renowned sources such as the embrittlement of plastic litter and microbeads released from personal care products, microplastic can be released also by washing of synthetic clothes, abrasion of vehicles tyres and from the weathering of different kind of paints.
This review tries to exhaustively enumerate all the possible sources of plastic litter that have been identified so far and to report quantitative assessments of their inputs on microplastics pollution to natural environments reported in scientific and grey literature, with an emphasis on surface waters.
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of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Continuation of Residue Reviews Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume ). Download book PDF · Download book EPUB. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Continuation of Residue Reviews. Editors; (view affiliations). David M. Whitacre; George W. Ware .