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Get to Know Us. Hugo did not return to his draft novel until , when he was living in Hauteville House on Guernsey. From a room with a view of the harbour and seabirds, removed from political tumult, he finished the enormous manuscript he called his leviathan.
Why, as the Gospel of Matthew declares, are the poor always with us? Hugo thought they should not be.
For him, the persistence of poverty was a sign that the revolution was incomplete. The character Fantine descends into debt when she is abandoned by the father of her child, sacked from her factory job, and resorts to selling her hair and teeth before becoming a prostitute. After leaving prison with nothing, he becomes a factory owner.
There is no inflation, so he keeps the money he has made from manufacturing black glass beads in a trunk in the ground for 10 years without it depreciating. The choice of black glass beads as the foundation for his fortune connects the novel to the global slave trade, because they were used as tokens of exchange in the purchase of human cargo from Arab and African middlemen. Translation rights were not included. Lacroix boasted that he did not have a cent of the cash he had promised Hugo; he had to get an enormous loan from the Oppenheim bank, where he had the necessary contacts.
Ratification of the preliminaries of peace signed on the 26th of February, by which France lost Alsace and Lorraine. Princess Clementine of Belgium. Perhaps he also was upset by the frequency with which his work appeared on the Church's list of banned books. Today, Hugo's work continues to stimulate musicians to create new compositions. Poems of Victor Hugo.
The Novel of the Century is published by Particular Books. Topics Victor Hugo.